P.O. Box 427

McLean, VA 22101-0427







Council on Intelligence Issues





Our Purpose


The Council, or CII, is a non-profit corporation established to conduct and provide support for education, research, and increased awareness of intelligence and national security matters, and to assist and support members of Central Intelligence Agency and other elements of the intelligence community as appropriate.

Our Mission


The CII is formed to help current and former officers and employees, and their families, of the CIA and other intelligence personnel, as appropriate, who may need legal or other counseling or other assistance, including legal referrals as needed, in connection their intelligence service, and to help educate the public about important intelligence and other national security interests.  Distinct from other educational entities, the CII's focus is on the challenges and risks facing intelligence officers in serving national security interests.

Our Vision


The Council seeks to be an independent forum dedicated to furthering the interests and welfare of current and former employees of the Central Intelligence Agency and, as appropriate, other intelligence community elements. CII will foster the responsible and informed exchange of information and ideas about the importance of an effective U.S. intelligence capability and provide counseling and other assistance to intelligence officers in recognition of their honorable and dedicated contributions to U.S. national security interests, principles, and values. A key CII objective is that no intelligence officers should suffer for their good faith service to the Nation.




Our History



The Council on Intelligence Issues was established in 2010, but its creation was inspired in part by an event in the 1980's.  One of the CII co-founders, then a CIA lawyer, was warned that he would be investigated for obstruction of justice if he advised an operations officer who wanted to meet to discuss whether he should get a lawyer before meeting with criminal investigators.  He never forgot that warning and its implications: The ops officer had to fend for himself to obtain legal counsel, and CIA officers need somewhere to turn for legal assistance when CIA and other government agencies cannot help.  


Memory of that incident quickly came to mind in 2009 with the announcement of a criminal investigation of CIA officers for their actions in the conduct of a controversial counterterrorism program.  The program had been approved at the highest levels of government, briefed to members of Congress, and CIA officers had been told the program was legal.  After discussions with government officials, employee and retiree support groups, and others, the now-retired CIA lawyer, George Jameson, and former operations official Bill Murray decided something had to be done to help current and former employees who might not know where to turn for assistance.  


In 2010 they founded the Council on Intelligence Issues, or CII, as an independent non-profit corporation to help employees who need legal or other assistance because of issues arising from their work.  Jameson and Murray obtained early support from former colleagues Mary Ellen Keene, Darlene Connelly, and a number of intelligence experts who joined the CII’s advisory board. These included former policy, operational, and legal officials who had held senior positions such as deputy directors and assistant directors of central intelligence, deputy and acting general counsel, chief information officer, chief financial officer, as well as a former U.S. attorney general and a former White House counsel. The CII also was fortunate to obtain pro bono legal assistance from Robert Rizzi and others in the law firm where he was a partner.


Refining the Mission  

In defining the new organization's mission, Murray and Jameson also understood that the general public is not sufficiently aware of what it means to be an intelligence officer operating in a mostly classified environment, often undercover and at great personal risk. Too often the public learns about intelligence from leaks, from former officials with limited access to intelligence or from others who know little if anything about how CIA and the intelligence community really work today. This can misinform the public and demean the service of honorable, dedicated intelligence professionals as well as public service in general.  


To remedy this problem, CII's focus was refined to enhance the awareness of the general public as well as interested intelligence community personnel about emerging and other issues and solutions related to intelligence, with a special focus on the challenges and risks intelligence officers, those acting on their behalf, and their families face in carrying out their duties. This includes educating about legal risks, issues, and safeguards, and helping make employees aware of and consider options available to them.


The CII helps people who work for CIA and other intelligence community elements, and their families, both by providing information about legal resources and options available to them, and by informing the public about the nature and risks of intelligence work. The CII's goal is to provide an independent means of assistance to officials at the CIA and other intelligence agencies who often need more help in making those decisions than the Government can provide, to offer a recognized and respected independent voice to increase awareness of what intelligence employees do, and by doing so support the missions of the CIA, the intelligence community, and the Nation.


As an important and substantial part of these efforts, the CII makes information available about lawyers and other experts who have experience in dealing with intelligence or other classified matters.  These individuals have a strong interest in helping current and former intelligence personnel and their families who may need assistance without straining their resources.


Refining the Organization

In charting its course and throughout its existence, the CII has consulted with numerous other organizations that serve the interests of employees from CIA and other intelligence agencies. The goals of CII and these other groups are similar in many respects, but those missions and activities are not identical. How the CII functions is reflected in one of its operating principle that there should be “no overlap and no underlap” regarding support to intelligence professionals these groups all seek to serve. The CII's primary focus is on legal risks and solutions as well as public information.  A spirit of collaboration is alive and well in that regard, with an overall goal being to support those who have acted in good faith service to the Nation.

In September 2018 the CII's founders invited several distinguished public and private sector leaders, all former CIA officials, to join the Board of Directors.  Joining Jameson and Murray on the CII Board were Chuck Campbell, Mary Corrado, Dawn Eilenberger, John Nelson, Alan Wade, and John Gannon. Mr. Gannon, formerly the advisory board chairman, was elected chairman of the CII Board of Directors.  Over the next 3 years they guided CII to as it approached its second decade of operations.  Joined by new Board member and former CIA Deputy Vaughn Bishop, the Board developed and is implementing its strategic plan, engaged in planning and presenting several webinar events in collaboration organizations such as the International Spy Museum and American Bar Association, and strengthened its reputation as an entity committed to the best interests of intelligence officers and an informed public.

CII Tomorrow

This evolution, additions, and vital support from CII's advisory committee reflect CII's commitment to a vigorous and collaborative effort to further the CII's goals of both assisting CIA and other intelligence employees and increasing the public's awareness of the challenges they face and the value they add to America's national security efforts.  

Historical Note

The term “CII” represents the Roman numeral “102” which is the section in the National Security Act of 1947 that established the Central Intelligence Agency, the first public intelligence organization reflected in statute.


Hear About CII on Federal News Radio

Listen to Federal News Radio's interview with CII's co-founders about CII (broadcast September 7, 2018, here's how FNR characterized CII: "Occasionally intelligence practitioners find themselves caught in legal trouble not totally of their own making. That’s the idea behind a new legal referral service called Council on Intelligence Issues.").

CII Board of Directors Today 

The CII's Board of Directors is an integral part of the exciting steps being taken to become a vibrant and effective voice to support CIA and other intelligence officers for their good faith service to the Nation and to offer informational programs that enhance the public's awareness of the challgenges and risks facing intelligence officers.  

The Board consists of John Gannon (Chairman), George Jameson (President and Co-Founder), Bill Murray (Vice President and Co-Founder), Charles Campbell, Dawn Eilenberger, John Nelson, and Alan Wade.  Francie Schilling is CII's Corporate  Secretary, and Robert Rizzi is the Legal Advisor.   (See more about CII's mission, vision, and directors and officers, as well as the list of distinguished former government officials who serve as CII advisors.)







Council on Intelligence Issues - Governance



Board of Directors

All corporate powers are exercised by or under the authority of, and the Board of Directors oversees the business affairs of the Council.



The President serves as the chief executive officer of the Council on Intelligence Issues. Subject to the supervision of the Board of Directors, the President performs all duties customary to that office and shall supervise and control all of the CII’s affairs in accordance with policies and directives approved by the Board of Directors.


Vice President

In the absence of the President or in the event of the President’s inability or refusal to act, the Vice President shall perform the duties of the President and, when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the President. The Vice President shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors may from time to time prescribe by standing or special resolution, or as the President may from time to time provide, subject to the powers and the supervision of the Board of Directors.



The Secretary is responsible for preparing and maintaining custody of minutes of all meetings of the members and meetings of the Board of Directors, and for authenticating the records of the CII, and shall give or cause to be given all notices in accordance with the organization’s Bylaws or as required by law, and, in general, shall perform all duties customary to the office of Secretary. The Secretary shall have custody of the CII’s corporate seal, if any; and he or she shall have authority to affix the same to any instrument requiring it; and, when so affixed, it may be attested by his or her signature.



The Treasurer has the custody of, and is responsible for, all funds and securities of the CII. He or she shall keep or cause to be kept complete and accurate accounts of receipts and disbursements of the CII, and shall deposit all of its monies and other valuable property in the name and to the credit of the CII in such banks or depositories as the Board of Directors may designate. Whenever required by the Board of Directors, the Treasurer shall render a statement of accounts. He or she shall at all reasonable times exhibit the books and accounts to any officer or director of the organization, and shall perform all duties incident to the office of Treasurer, subject to the supervision of the Board of Directors, and such other duties as shall from time to time be assigned by the Board of Directors.



CII Advisory Committee 

The CII Advisory Committee consists of national security experts who have previously served as officials in the Central Intelligence Agency, other Government organizations, or the private sector. Committee members advise CII’s officers and directors to help establish a solid reputation for integrity and commitment to those who have honored their country by their loyal, selfless, and honorable service. The Advisors meet periodically  to advise and assist the Board on CII policy and governance, including matters relating to public communications, technology, fundraising, legal support, educational programs, and other matters.

Directors & Officers

John C. Gannon

Chairman, Board of Directors


John Gannon has a distinguished career in both the public and private sectors.  He served as CIA’s Director of European Analysis, as Deputy Director for Intelligence, and as Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production and Chairman of the National Intelligence Council until 2001. After his retirement in 2001, he served in the White House as the head of the intelligence team standing up the Department of Homeland Security and later on the Hill as the staff director of the House Select Committee on Homeland Security. 

In 2005 he joined the UK-owned BAE Systems where he served until his retirement in 2012 as President of the $1.7-billion Intelligence and Security Sector, which supported intelligence, defense, and homeland-security missions. From 2014 through 2018 he has held numerous leadership and advisory positions to implement congressionally directed actions, and since 2004 he has been an adjunct professor in the graduate Security Studies Program at Georgetown University.

Gannon has received awards including the CIA’s Distinguished Intelligence Medal, Director’s Medal, and Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal, as well as awards from the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and the State Department, and from Washington University in Saint Louis and Holy Cross College. In 2004, President George W. Bush awarded him the National Security Medal, the nation’s highest intelligence award. 

He is a member of the Board of Visitors of the National Intelligence University, of the Council on Foreign Relations, of the Board of Directors of Voices of September 11th (9/11 families).  Since 2004, he has continued to serve on various committees of the National Academies of Science.

Gannon earned his BA in psychology at Holy Cross College, and his MA and PhD in history at Washington University in St. Louis. He served in the Jesuit Volunteer Corps in Jamaica. He is a retired Naval Reserve Officer and Viet Nam veteran. He was elected to the city council in Falls Church where he also served as Chairman of the Planning Commission.



W. George Jameson

President & Board Member


George Jameson is a co-founder of the CII and has extensive legal, policy, and leadership experience in Government. He served in the U.S. Government for 33 years, mostly in the Central Intelligence Agency’s Office of General Counsel, and retired from CIA from the position of Director, Office of Policy and Corporate Coordination.  

His assignments included positions as Counsel for the Directorate of Operations, Counsel for the Directorate of Intelligence, Counsel for the DDCI/CM, Counsel for CIC, and Chief of the Litigation Division, as well as Deputy Director of Congressional Affairs and Interim Director of Legislative Affairs at the Office of the DNI.  Rotational assignments also included service as a Special Assistant U.S. Attorney and Assistant White House Counsel. 


As an attorney and national security consultant, his firm Jameson Consulting advises on national and international security-related matters, on both corporate and Government operations and governance, and provides training and education on national security matters.  He lectures and has authored articles on “Intelligence and the Law,” and he is an Adjunct Staff member at the RAND Corporation. 


Mr. Jameson is President and CEO of the Central Intelligence Retiree's Association (CIRA), where he previously served as member and then advisor to the Board of Governors; a former Member of the Steering Group for the National Security Law, Policy, and Practice Working Group of the Bar Association of the District of Columbia; and former member of the Advisory Committee, Standing Committee on Law and National Security of the American Bar Association.


Mr. Jameson received his A.B. from Harvard College (cum laude), a J.D. from William & Mary, and he is a member of the Bars of the Commonwealth of Virginia and the District of Columbia.  



William D. Murray

Vice President, Treasurer & Board Member


William D. Murray has extensive leadership and management experience in the government and private sectors.  He is a co-founder of the CII and has been involved in its development since the inception.  He has taken part in most of the discussions with other organizations and individuals that guided the development of the organization, and, like Mr. Jameson, is a retiree from and well known within the Intelligence Community, which CII was created to serve.  


Mr. Murray formed and operates a small but successful business consultancy that has been in business for six years.  He is thoroughly familiar with all aspects of running small and medium-sized organizations.  During his 40 years career as a Federal employee, he managed several large entities with multi-million dollar budgets.  He has extensive experience with the kinds of issues the CII is designed to address as a result of managing employees who have found themselves in situations where they needed help.

Francie Schilling

Corporate Secretary


Frances (Francie) Schilling joined the Council on Intelligence Issues as its corporate secretary in 2019.  Over her 29-year career at the Central Intelligence Agency, she held a variety of leadership and management positions in financial management, retiring  from CIA in 2015. 


She served in two overseas tours before becoming a senior executive.  She also worked in the Office of the Chief Financial Officer in developing, justifying and overseeing the execution of the Agency's budget.  Later in her career she led the Business Strategies and Resources Center within the Technical area, providing a myriad of support and guidance involving contracting, logistics, IT, finance, and budget planning for the directorate.  


Ms. Schilling graduated from Bucknell University with a BA and from Duquesne University with an MBA. 

Chuck Campbell

Board Member

Mr. Campbell retired in 2004 from the Central Intelligence Agency following a 40 year career that included four Chief of Station assignments, leading a division in the Directorate of Operations, and serving as the Agency’s Deputy Inspector General. He is a recipient of the Donovan Award and the Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal.


After retirement, Mr. Campbell served as a contractor with the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC), and the CIA Counterintelligence Center (CIC).  He recently has served as President, and is currently a Board member, of the Central Intelligence Retirees' Association (CIRA).


Mr. Campbell received his B.A. from George Washington University, and his eduction includes post-graduate work in human resource development at the University of Houston.  Military experience includes service in the Infantry Branch and U.S. Army Reserve, NCO and Commissioned Officer (1964-1978).   




Dawn R. Eilenberger

Board Member

Dawn Eilenberger is a consultant and served on CII's Senior Advisory Committee before becoming a member of the CII Board. She also is on the boards of the Northwest Federal Credit Union (NWFCU) and the CIA Retiree Association (CIRA).  

She became the Deputy Director of National Intelligence in April 2017. Previously she was the Assistant Director of National Intelligence for Policy & Strategy, Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). In this role, she oversees the formulation and implementation of Intelligence Community-wide policy and strategy on the full range of intelligence issues, including collection, analysis, requirements, management and information sharing, and provides leadership for ODNI and IC initiatives on information sharing and the closure and disposition of detainees at Guantanamo Bay.

Before joining the ODNI, Eilenberger served as the Inspector General of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), where she completed the transition of the office to a statutory IG, including creation of a financial audit staff to oversee the first audit of NGA’s financial statements. As Inspector General, she provided independent oversight and accountability and acted as the NGA’s chief official responsible for investigating potential violations of law, rule or regulation. Eilenberger also served as NGA’s Director, Office of International Affairs and Policy, where she managed NGA’s international partnerships and developed and implemented geospatial intelligence policy and guidance, including intelligence sharing and disaster relief efforts. While at NGA, she also served as Deputy Director, Security and Installations and Associate Deputy Director for Policy.

Eilenberger began her government career in 1982 in the CIA's Office of General Counsel (OGC). In 1988, she became chief counsel for CIA's operations directoate, providing legal guidance on CIA operational activities. She became Chief of OGC’s Administrative Law Division in 1992, handling appropriations law, ethics, security and human resource issues. She was named Director of the CIA’s Office of Equal Employment Opportunity in 1994. She became the CIA’s Principal Deputy General Counsel in August 1995, managing the day-to-day activities of OGC and providing legal advice to senior CIA officials on the full range of intelligence issues. Eilenberger served as the CIA’s Director of Finance from 1999 through 2004. Her programmatic responsibilities included the Auditable Financial Statements Program, the Working Capital Fund and financial support to operational activities.

Eilenberger graduated summa cum laude from Muhlenberg College with a B.A in history and political science and from the University of Virginia's School of Law, and she has been admitted to practice law in Virginia and the District of Columbia



John F. Nelson

Board Member

John F. Nelson is a former President and CEO of Zeta Associates, a high technology systems engineering and software development company specializing in all aspects of national and tactical signals intelligence collection.  

Mr. Nelson formerly served as Associate Deputy Director of Operations of the CIA and Chief of Staff to the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI). He is an expert in resource management, planning, and policy development.

As Associate Deputy Director, Mr. Nelson participated in all aspects of management of worldwide collection activities, working at the highest levels within the Agency and other government organizations. In his role as Chief of Staff, he coordinated the DCI's activities and liaison with the CIA, other agencies in the intelligence, diplomatic, and defense communities, and the Congressional oversight committees.

Mr. Nelson also served as Deputy Director and Chief Financial Officer of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). He was responsible for all aspects of program and financial planning, cash management, and budgetary control of the NRO's multiple national overhead programs.

A Certified Public Accountant, Mr. Nelson holds a Master of Science in Accounting from Georgetown University, a Master of Public Policy from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Bachelor of Arts degree from Northeastern University.  He serves on the Board of Directors of the Northwest Federal Credit Union.



Alan Wade

Board Member

Alan Wade retired from federal service at the end of 2005 after a thirty-five year career in the Central Intelligence Agency. He retired as the Chief Information Officer, a position he held since 2001.

Alan graduated from Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, Virginia in 1973, receiving a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering. In 1978, he received his Masters degree in Electrical Engineering from the George Washington University in Washington, D.C.

Alan held a series of senior positions at CIA, including the Director of Communications, Director of Security, and Chief Information Officer. In his assignment as Chief Information officer, he was dual-hatted as the Chief Information Officer for the United States Intelligence Community.

During his career, Alan’s contributions were recognized several times. He is a recipient of the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, the Director’s Medal, and the Distinguished Intelligence Medal.

Since retirement, Alan has worked with several early stage companies. He served on the boards of Safeboot N.V. (acquired by McAfee in 2007), Detica DFI (acquired by BAE Systems in 2008), Composite Software (acquired by Cisco in 2013) and Applied Communications Sciences (acquired by The SI Organization in 2013). He currently serves on the boards of the Aerospace Corporation in El Segundo, CA, Professional Project Services in Oak Ridge, TN, and Siteimprove A/S in Copenhagen Denmark. Additionally, Alan serves on public sector advisory boards of several technology companies and is an investor in early stage technology companies.

Alan lives in Annandale Virginia with his wife and two children.



Robert Rizzi

Legal Advisor

Partner, Steptoe & Johnson

Robert Rizzi is a partner in the Washington and New York offices of the law firm Steptoe & Johnson.  He advises domestic and multinational businesses on the federal and state income tax aspects of corporate and partnership business transactions, including mergers and acquisitions, reorganizations, work outs, and joint ventures. He has nearly four decades of experience providing tax planning for transactions in the financial services, telecom, real estate, technology, and hospitality sectors, primarily in international markets. He also advises high-net-worth families on transactional and cross-border matters, and provides tax advice and structuring for mid-market and private equity transactions in the US and abroad.

Bob also represents prospective political appointees requiring Senate confirmation through the vetting process. His clients have included cabinet and subcabinet members, administrators and commissioners of various agencies, and numerous ambassadorial appointees in both Democratic and Republican administrations.

He teaches government ethics at Harvard Law School, and has taught corporate taxation at Catholic University Law School, and government ethics at the Georgetown University Law Center. He writes a bi-monthly column, “Corporate Organizations and Reorganizations,” for the Journal of Corporate Taxation and is a founding editor of Mergers and Acquisitions, The Monthly Tax Journal.

Bob also served as an attorney in the Office of General Counsel at the Central Intelligence Agency.

Education: Harvard Law School, J.D. (cum laude); M. Litt., New College, Oxford University, Marshall Scholar; Princeton University, A.B. (Phi Beta Kappa, Woodrow Wilson Scholar).  

Bar Memberships:  District of Columbia, New York, California


CII Advisors

Charles Allen, Principal, Chertoff Group. Mr. Allen has held senior positions in Government including Assistant Secretary and then Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, Department of Homeland Security; and Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Collection. He also serves INSA as Senior Intelligence Advisor.

John Bennett, former Director of the National Clandestine Service retired from CIA after 33 years of service.  He held numerous overseas positions, mostly in Africa, and managed counterterrorism and other operations both domestically and abroad. Recipient of numerous CIA, IC, and DoD awards, Mr. Bennett is on the Board of the "Studies in Intelligence" and Chairman, Central Intelligence Retirees' Association.

Antonio Delgado, Management and Business Development Consultant.  Mr. Delgado's career as a security professional spanned nearly three decades across the intelligence community.  He held executive-level positions in the CIA, NRO, and Intelligence Community Management Staff. He previously served on the Board of Governors for the Central Intelligence Retirees' Association.  

Richard Kerr, held a number of senior positions at the Central Intelligence Agency including both Acting and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, and Deputy Director for Intelligence.  He has served on a number of corporate advisory boards and was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President George H.W. Bush.

Mark Lowenthal, President Emeritus, The Intelligence & Security Academy; Adjunct Professor at the Krieger School, Johns Hopkins University; former Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production; lecturer and author of over 90 works including “Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy,” and former Jeopardy champion.

John McLaughlin, author and commentator on television and print media.  A former Deputy and then Acting Director of Central Intelligence, he served at CIA career for over 30 years as an intelligence analyst on Russian, European, Eurasian issues, led analytic efforts as CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence, and created  the Senior Analytic Service as well as established the Sherman Kent School for Intelligence Analysis.  He is a Distinguished Practitioner-in-Residence, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).

Jeannette Moore, Former Deputy Director, Special Technologies and Operations, Raytheon Corporation after retiring from CIA where she was a senior manager.  Ms. Moore served on the board of the Northwest Federal Credit Union for 10 years.  

Michael Sulick, Former Director of the National Clandestine Service; held several senior positions both domestically and abroad during his CIA career.  Currently a consultant on insider threat issues and national security affairs, he lectures and writes on intelligence, including historical works on intelligence dating back to the Revolutionary War and on espionage against America ("Spying in America" and "American Spies").

With sadness, we want to note the passing of our former colleague, friend, and CII advisor, John Rizzo.  We will miss his sound counsel, good humor, and support for CIA's mission and officers during as well as after his CIA career. 

John Rizzo, Consultant, law firm of Steptoe & Johnson, Mr. Rizzo held several senior positions at the CIA including Deputy and Acting General Counsel, and Deputy Director of Congressional Affairs.  John was a lecturer both nationally and internationally and authored a memoir of his career at CIA, called "Company Man."



Council on Intelligence Issues -- Frequently Asked Questions


What is the Council on Intelligence Issues?

The Council, or CII, is a non-profit, tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization established to conduct and provide support for education, research, and increased public awareness of intelligence and national security matters, including various employment-related risks faced by current and former employees of the CIA and the Intelligence Community, and the means available to mitigate these risks.


How will CII’s educational activities function?

CII will host panel discussions and seminars, prepare informational materials, and draw upon a network of experts willing to speak or write responsibly about intelligence issues.  Interested parties may call upon CII for the names of such experts around the country to engage in responsible, informed dialogue on intelligence-related issues and topics.


Will the CII’s work be helpful to those associated with CIA and the Intelligence Community generally?

Yes.  As part of its public education activity, the CII will conduct general research into the risks current and former officers of the CIA and those currently or formerly affiliated with the Intelligence Community face in connection with their employment and the means available to respond to these risks.  This information will likely prove helpful to those associated with the CIA and the Intelligence Community as they seek to better understand and deal with the legal and other risks they face when their intelligence responsibilities and duties put them or their families in legal, financial, reputational, or similar personal jeopardy.   


What are some examples of how this can help?

The CII’s literature, roundtables, and other informational activities will develop published materials that these current and former intelligence practitioners are likely to find helpful in understanding potential risks they face and the general legal options available for dealing with them.  The CII’s attorney network will contain information about legal professionals experienced in handling matters involving classified material if current or former intelligence personnel conclude they need legal guidance.


Will CII provide personal legal advice?

No.  CII will provide counseling assistance and information on others who have experience responding to risks often faced by current and former intelligence personnel.  The CII’s published materials will contain general information that will likely help them make decisions suited to their particular situations, but CII will not represent individuals or serve as their attorneys. 


If CII can’t provide legal advice, why should a current or former associate of the CIA or Intelligence Community turn to CII?

CII helps officers who need legal help identify skilled attorneys who can represent them. The CII will facilitate access to information about skilled lawyers and others who can help a person make meaningful decisions about what to do when faced with these or similar circumstances.  CII also facilitates public awareness of information and analysis about legal issues, challenges, and risks associated with intelligence operations.  As a result, current and former intelligence personnel in a variety of situations are also likely to find its materials educational; for example, personnel who may not be certain if they are at legal risk, who are accused of criminal conduct, or who simply may be asked to appear as witnesses in legal and other proceedings. 


What is the CII legal database or network?

The CII has information relating to experienced attorneys who have or are likely to be able to obtain security clearances to assist current and former CIA personnel, and others currently or formerly associated with the Intelligence Community as appropriate, who either need, or who may be unsure if they need, legal assistance in connection with actions taken while employed by or for the CIA/United States Government.


Why should I turn to CII as opposed to finding my own attorney?

CII attorney network consists of attorneys who are skilled in dealing with national security-related matters, including classified material.  Many already have security clearances or otherwise can be approved for access to information at issue.  They also have agreed to provide initial free legal counseling and reduce fees in some cases based on case-by-case determinations. Turning to CII can save time and unnecessary expense.


Will the CII retain information on those experienced in handling risks faced by intelligence professionals besides lawyers?

Yes.  CII maintains information about individuals with expertise on a variety of intelligence-related matters.  This includes experts interested in speaking or writing to increase awareness of intelligence issues, practices, risks, and options for addressing them including mediation.


How can I get access to information the CII maintains on experts and lawyers?

If you would like the services of an expert to speak at an event or to discuss intelligence issues generally, or if you would like to identify a lawyer who may be of assistance in matters involving classified material, information the CII maintains may be helpful.  Please review the CII website ( for information or contact 


What will this service cost me?

You will normally not be charged for information CII maintains or other CII materials. 


Will CII help me if I am accused of a crime related to my employment?

CII’s public education materials may be helpful in assessing some issues related to criminal investigations and responses to them. CII’s resources will include information available upon request about criminal lawyers experienced in handling national security-related matters.


Will I be denied assistance if I want to sue the Government?

Information in the CII’s lawyer database is available regardless of the legal action in question.


Does CII work for the CIA or other Government agencies?

No.  CII is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization that sets its priorities and makes its operational decisions independent of Government input.  As part of its mission to improve public awareness of intelligence issues, theory, law, and practice, CII may collaborate with CIA and other agencies where appropriate.


What will CII assistance cost me?

CII does not charge for the information it provides.  The attorneys in the CII network have indicated that they will provide initial consultations free of charge.  Many of these attorneys have indicated that they also may be willing to provide subsequent services on a reduced fee or pro bonobasis.  The details of such relationships are established independent of CII.  To the extent consistent with the CII’s tax-exempt status under 26 U.S.C. § 501(c)(3), the CII intends to identify information about which legal professionals provide pro bono legal assistance.


Will speakers and others also provide free services?

CII sponsored activities are generally free, but payment to CII’s experts for separate speaking engagements, opinion pieces, or other activities is left to the discretion of the individuals concerned.


Is the CII affiliated with any other organization?

CII intends to engage with affiliated entities as an important part of the longer-term CII vision.  Separate organizational structures may complement CII activities consistent with CII’s status as a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization.


Will CII’s activities duplicate what other organizations do?

No.  If another organization is already providing those services, CII will not need to. 


Will the CII lobby?

Under no circumstances will the CII engage directly or indirectly in any political campaign or seek to influence legislation as a substantial part of its activities.  The Council will, however, be available to share its expertise on intelligence matters with legislators, the media, and the public as well as others who may request CII insights on matters of general and specific interest to the CIA, the Intelligence Community, or their personnel.


How does CII get its funding?

The CII will rely entirely upon contributions by donors to fund its charitable operations. 


How can I donate or otherwise contribute to CII?

Thank you for your interest in supporting CII’s mission. The CII welcomes volunteers as well as financial contributions.  Donations should be made payable to the Council on Intelligence Issues, or CII, and mailed to:


Council on Intelligence Issues

P.O. Box 427

McLean, VA 22101-0427


Individuals interested in contributing to CII either through financial or other donations or by joining the legal network, providing volunteer services, or otherwise assisting CII should contact: or or click here to Contribute.

Council on



About Us

The Council on Intelligence Issues (CII) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization established in 2010 to educate intelligence personnel and the public about important intelligence and other national security interests.  CII helps current and former officers, employees, and families of the CIA and other intelligence community agencies who may need legal counseling or other assistance in connection with their intelligence service. 

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